The Complete Guide to Understanding Rugby

Rugby is a thrilling and physically demanding sport that captivates millions of fans around the world. Whether you’re new to the sport or looking to deepen your understanding, this complete guide will provide you with the essential knowledge about rugby, including its rules, positions, and gameplay.

The Basics of Rugby

  1. Objective of the Game:
    • The main objective in rugby is to score more points than the opposing team. Points can be scored in several ways, primarily through tries, conversions, penalty kicks, and drop goals.
  2. The Field:
    • A rugby field is 100 meters long and 70 meters wide, with two in-goal areas at each end. The field includes halfway lines, 22-meter lines, and try lines.
  3. Teams:
    • Each team consists of 15 players in rugby union (the more widely played format) or 13 players in rugby league. Players are divided into forwards and backs, each with specific roles.

Scoring Points

  1. Try (5 points):
    • A try is scored when a player carries the ball over the opponent’s try line and grounds it in the in-goal area.
  2. Conversion (2 points):
    • After scoring a try, the team has the opportunity to kick the ball through the goalposts from a spot in line with where the try was scored.
  3. Penalty Kick (3 points):
    • Awarded for certain infractions by the opposing team. The kicker attempts to score by kicking the ball through the goalposts from the spot of the penalty.
  4. Drop Goal (3 points):
    • Scored during open play by dropping the ball and kicking it through the goalposts as it bounces off the ground.

Key Positions

  1. Forwards:
    • Props (1 & 3): Provide stability in the scrum and strength in rucks and mauls.
    • Hooker (2): Throws the ball in at lineouts and hooks the ball in scrums.
    • Locks (4 & 5): Provide height in lineouts and strength in scrums.
    • Flankers (6 & 7): Mobile players who play a key role in defense and attack.
    • Number Eight (8): Controls the ball at the back of the scrum and links between forwards and backs.
  2. Backs:
    • Scrum-Half (9): Links the forwards and backs, feeding the ball from scrums and rucks.
    • Fly-Half (10): Directs the attack, makes tactical kicks, and often the primary goal kicker.
    • Centers (12 & 13): Break through defenses and support wingers.
    • Wingers (11 & 14): Fast players who finish attacking moves.
    • Full-Back (15): Last line of defense and often involved in counter-attacks.


  1. Kickoff:
    • The game starts with a kickoff from the halfway line. The receiving team tries to gain possession and advance the ball. 토토어택
  2. Scrums:
    • A contest for the ball involving eight players from each team, used to restart play after certain infringements.
  3. Lineouts:
    • A method of restarting play where the ball is thrown in from the sideline, and players jump to catch it.
  4. Rucks and Mauls:
    • Ruck: Formed when the ball is on the ground and players contest for possession by binding together.
    • Maul: Formed when the ball carrier is held up but not tackled to the ground, and players bind together around the ball carrier.
  5. Passing and Running:
    • The ball can only be passed laterally or backward. Players advance the ball by running or kicking it forward.
  6. Tackling:
    • Players stop opponents by tackling them to the ground. The tackled player must release the ball, allowing for a contest over possession.

Watching the Game

  1. Understanding Plays:
    • Watch how teams set up their plays, whether it’s a tactical kick, a powerful scrum, or a swift backline movement.
  2. Penalties and Infractions:
    • Common penalties include offside, not releasing the ball, and high tackles. Referees signal infractions and award penalties accordingly.

Enjoying Rugby

  1. Fan Culture:
    • Rugby has a rich tradition of sportsmanship and camaraderie. Engage with other fans, attend matches, and participate in discussions to fully experience the culture.
  2. Learning from Experts:
    • Watching expert analysis, reading commentaries, and following player interviews can provide deeper insights into the game.


Rugby is a sport that combines physicality, strategy, and teamwork. By understanding the basic rules, positions, and gameplay, you can appreciate the skill and excitement that rugby offers. Whether you’re watching a local match or a major international tournament, this guide will help you enjoy and understand the dynamic world of rugby.

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